Top backend frameworks

Top backend frameworks

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In today’s world, backend systems are critical to application development for a large number of businesses. Finding the right backend framework is crucial for designers who want to ensure flawless execution and adaptability. With so many options available today, deciding which ones are most important can be difficult. We’ve compiled a list of the best backend frameworks for the year 2021.

1. Play

The Play Framework simplifies the creation of web applications in Java and Scala. The model–view–controller (MVC) architectural pattern is adopted by Play Platform, an open-source web application development framework. It’s written in Scala and can be used with other programming languages like Java that are compiled to JVM Bytecode. Play is built on a web-friendly, lightweight, stateless architecture. Play, which is based on Akka, allows for highly scalable applications to consume minimal resources (CPU, memory, and threads). Unlike Java EE frameworks that don’t use Servlet 3.0’s asynchronous support, Play will service long requests asynchronously rather than tying up HTTP threads with business logic. The core includes support for JUnit and Selenium. Solid and fast: The compiler and runtime (JVM) take care of the heavy lifting, ensuring that your apps run quickly and reliably under load. The ecosystem that surrounds Java is vast. There are libraries for almost everything, and the majority of them can be used in Play.

It’s developer-friendly, so it’s a good option.

2. Django

Django is a backend framework based on Python that was developed for rapid application creation.  It follows the MVC design. Django is suitable for the creation of modern and feature-rich data-driven websites. Django is adaptable, secure, scalable, portable, and simple to maintain. Cross-site scripting, user authentication, SQL injection security, and other features are included. As a result, it’s ideal for creating secure websites. Since it allows you to add new specifications at any time, the ‘share nothing’ architect makes the web application highly scalable.

If you want to build a data-driven, feature-rich app, Django is the way to go. Pinterest, Mozilla, and The Washington Post are only a few of the places that use Django.

3. Flask

Flask is a Python-based framework that is less resource-intensive than Django. If you’re looking for a Python-based system that’s not too complicated and has a short learning curve, Flask is a good choice.

Unit testing, Jinja2 templating, RESTful solicitation dispatching, and secure cookies are all supported. Flask helps you to build prototypes in a very short period of time. It has excellent documentation, which makes learning Python even simpler for new developers. Flask supports a wide number of databases and has a small codebase. When developers need granular control over components, they typically choose flask over Django, but this raises the cost of web app creation. 

Flask is used by Reddit, Red hat, and Rackspace.

4. Node js

Node.js is a runtime environment based on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine. It is not to be confused with a framework or a library. For those unfamiliar with the V8 JavaScript engine, it is one of Google’s open-source projects that compiles JavaScript directly to native machine code before executing it using just-in-time compilation. When node js is used in the front end and js-based frameworks on the frontend, the communication between the two ends can be done in JSON, eliminating the need to convert it to binary or base 64, as is the case for other common backend programming languages. Node.js technology was developed as an alternative to the client/server paradigm, in which the server only responds to client requests and automatically closes the connection after each response. Node.js provides a two-way connection and dynamic connectivity between the server and the user’s browser, allowing for low latency and high throughput.

5. Spring Boot

Spring Boot is a utility project that aims to make it simple to create production-ready spring-based applications and services with minimal effort. It offers the quickest way to get a spring web application up and running with the least amount of code and configuration right out of the box. Spring boot has a few features that are exclusive to it. Dependency management, auto-configuration, and embedded servlet containers are the main features.

Spring Boot is an excellent framework for building web applications. Embedded Tomcat makes it easy to set up a self-contained HTTP server. To get up and running quickly, most web applications can use the spring-boot-starter-web module. You may use Spring MVC to serve dynamic HTML content in addition to REST web services. Thymeleaf, FreeMarker, and JSPs are among the templating technologies supported by Spring MVC. These templating engines have auto-configuration support in Spring Boot. This is an example of how to support the thymeleaf template by simply adding the dependency in pom.xml.

Your templates will be automatically picked up from src/main/resources/templates when you use the templating engine with the default configuration.

6. Laravel

Lavarel is an open-source PHP web platform for building Symfony-based MVC web applications. It’s suitable for use with common front-end frameworks like Vue js, react js, and angular js thanks to features like Laravel’s ORM, Artisan CLI, Blade templating engine, PHPUnit for test cases, convention over configuration approach, highly sophisticated but easy-to-integrate user authentication module, and more. Laravel aims to make programming easier by simplifying basic tasks found in the majority of web projects, such as authentication, routing, sessions and caching. Laravel strives to make the development process more productive for users while retaining application features. Laravel apps will scale to hundreds of millions of requests per month with ease. Laravel brings together the best PHP packages to provide the most stable and developer-friendly platform available.

7. Symphony

Symfony is a PHP framework and a collection of reusable PHP modules and libraries. It is one of the most commonly used application frameworks by open-source developers. It is engaged in the development of high-performance, complex web applications. Developers can use it to build an application at a much larger scale so they don’t have to create too many components. Symphony is a mature architecture that is funded by a large developer community. Another excuse to use Symphony for accelerated software creation is the availability of a vast range of open source projects written in PHP. Symfony is a high-end development platform that offers a lot of ease for developers. They should concentrate on the application’s central and advanced functionalities rather than its simple functionality. That is the crux of this fantastic structure. It focuses on resolving customers’ actual problems. It increases overall product development and makes it more customer-centric. There are also Symfony tools for resolving coding bugs and security problems. All of these features function together to increase productivity, resulting in quicker and bug-free growth.

8. Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails has encountered stiff rivalry from other server-side systems, but it has remained steadfast. It encourages the use of best online practices as well as software development principles such as DRY and convention over setup, among others. Compilation and analysis are straightforward, and the RoR group would provide a workaround for any bugs, defects, or problems. Furthermore, there is a large selection of third-party plugins known as Gems from which developers can choose for their web application needs. It is used by well-known companies such as Airbnb, Shopify, and Basecamp, among others. Ruby is easy, straightforward, and logical, with a leaner code base that results in faster development speed. It allows developers to concentrate on delivering quality solutions while saving time while coding. Although Ruby on Rails is open-source, there are no licensing costs. TDD (test-driven development) is widely used in Ruby on Rails development, and the toolkit provides robust testing capability. It means that Ruby on Rails solutions is robust and maintainable. The architecture is also protected by automated testing, making it dependable.

9. CakePHP

CakePHP is a popular open-source web framework. It is written in PHP and adheres to the MVC design pattern. CakePHP is similar to Laravel in several ways, but since it does not use two-way data binding, it is not considered stable for designing massive applications. CakePHP is easy and optimal for designing small applications. CakePHP makes web creation more comfortable. They give you all the tools you’ll need to get started coding what you just need to get done: your application’s logic. Instead of reinventing the wheel for each new project, download a copy of CakePHP and get started with the actual stuff of your project. CakePHP has a strong developer community and team. BMW, Teamspeak, and Hyundai are among the companies that use CakePHP. 

10. Asp.Net is a Microsoft open-source, server-side web application platform. Developers can use to build web applications, web services, and dynamic content-driven websites. MVC architecture is used by and is a cross-platform system that runs on Linux, macOS, Windows, and Docker. Many Windows-like features can be included in this framework, which helps to dramatically minimize code size and promote accelerated web app growth. The flexibility of the core framework is another major explanation why it will be the next big thing. This architecture makes it easier and quicker to perform key functions like form submissions, client authorization, and web configuration. Another factor it is a dependable option for developers is the ease and simplicity with which it can deploy web apps. There are usually two methods for deploying a web app:

  1. Framework-dependent deployment: This type of deployment is reliant on modules from a common system. You would only be allowed to manage your own app and third-party dependencies. This helps host systems save memory.
  2. Self-contained deployment: Deployment in this mode is not reliant on shared components. The.NET Core runtime and.NET libraries are distinguished from other.NET Core programs.


Choosing the right backend architecture for designing mobile and web applications is a trade-off between consistency, scalability, and open source code availability. Every backend architecture has its own specialty, so it is up to solution architects to determine which framework is better suited to the use case of their application.